insect pests have many natural enemies. These can
be organized into 3 main groups:
- Pathogens or diseases
Predators hunt and consume all
or part of their prey. They need to eat more than
one victim. Predators are usually larger than the
60 species of arthropods were
reported to prey on pod borer .
A popular strategy is to install
bird perches in the field to attract predatory birds
to prey on insect pests .
Parasitoids live on or in the
body of their host. They need only a single host
for sustenance. Parasitoids are of the same size
or smaller than their host. More than 75 insect
parasitoids attack various life stages of pod borer.
All these parasitoids are members of two orders:
Hymenoptera and Diptera.